Treatments and drugs

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Treating sprains and strains depends on the joint involved and the severity of the injury.


For mild sprains and strains, your doctor likely will recommend basic self-care measures and an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others).


In cases of a mild or moderate sprain or strain, you should apply ice to the area as soon as possible to minimize swelling. In cases of severe sprain or strain, your doctor may immobilize the area with a brace or splint.


In some cases, such as in the case of a torn ligament or ruptured muscle, surgery may be considered.

Jan. 24, 2015