The germs that cause viral and bacterial infections are contagious. Therefore, the best prevention is to practice good hygiene. Follow these tips and teach your child to do the same:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly and frequently, especially after using the toilet, before eating, and after sneezing or coughing.
  • Avoid sharing food, drinking glasses or utensils.
  • Cough or sneeze into a tissue and throw it away. When necessary, sneeze into your elbow.
  • Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers as an alternative to hand-washing when soap and water aren't available.
  • Avoid touching public phones or drinking fountains with your mouth.
  • Regularly clean telephones, TV remotes and computer keyboards with sanitizing cleanser. When you travel, clean phones and remotes in your hotel room.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.

Other tips to avoid sore throat include the following:

  • Stay indoors as much as possible on high-pollution days.
  • Wear a filtering mask when cleaning to avoid inhaling dust or airborne particles from cleaning products.
  • If you smoke, quit. Talk to your doctor if you need help breaking a smoking habit.
  • Avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.
  • Humidify your home if the air is dry.
May. 07, 2013