Treatment

There's no specific treatment for a rotavirus infection. Antibiotics and antivirals won't help a rotavirus infection. Usually, the infection resolves within three to seven days.

Preventing dehydration is the biggest concern. To prevent dehydration while the virus runs its course, drink plenty of fluids. If your child has severe diarrhea, ask your doctor about offering an oral rehydration fluid such as Pedialyte — especially if the diarrhea lasts longer than a few days.

For children, a rehydration fluid can replace lost minerals more effectively than can water or other liquids. Severe dehydration may require intravenous fluids in the hospital.

Anti-diarrheal medications aren't recommended for a rotavirus infection.

Feb. 18, 2016
References
  1. Vaccines and Immunizations: Rotavirus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/rota.html. Accessed Dec. 29, 2015.
  2. Bennett JE, et al. Rotaviruses. In: Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 29, 2015.
  3. Rotavirus. World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/immunization/topics/rotavirus/en/. Accessed Dec. 29, 2015.
  4. Rotavirus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/rotavirus/index.html. Accessed Dec. 29, 2015.
  5. Diarrhea. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/diarrhea/Pages/facts.aspx#children. Accessed Dec. 29, 2015.
  6. What to do in a medical emergency: Fever. American College of Emergency Physicians. http://www.emergencycareforyou.org/Emergency-101/Emergencies-A-Z/Fever/. Accessed Dec. 29, 2015.
  7. What to do in a medical emergency: Vomiting and diarrhea. American College of Emergency Physicians. http://www.emergencycareforyou.org/Emergency-101/Emergencies-A-Z/Vomiting-and-Diarrhea/. Accessed Dec. 29, 2015.
  8. Matson DO. Acute viral gastroenteritis in children in resource-rich countries: Management and prevention. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 30, 2015.
  9. Matson DO. Rotavirus vaccines for infants. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 30, 2015.