Complications of prostatitis can include:

  • Bacterial infection of the blood (bacteremia)
  • Inflammation of the coiled tube attached to the back of the testicle (epididymitis)
  • Pus-filled cavity in the prostate (prostatic abscess)
  • Semen abnormalities and infertility (this can occur with chronic prostatitis)
  • Elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels

Prostatitis, cancer and PSA levels

Prostatitis can cause elevated levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a protein produced by the prostate. PSA testing is generally used to screen for prostate cancer. Cancerous cells produce more PSA than do noncancerous cells, so higher than normal levels of PSA in the blood may indicate prostate cancer. However, conditions other than prostate cancer, including prostatitis, also can increase PSA levels.

There's no direct evidence that prostatitis can lead to prostate cancer.

Mar. 04, 2014