ComplicationsBy Mayo Clinic Staff
Prehypertension itself doesn't often have complications. If you have prehypertension, it's likely to worsen and develop into high blood pressure (hypertension). The term "prehypertension" is often used by doctors to signal that it's time to begin making lifestyle changes or, if you have certain conditions such as diabetes, to consider taking medications to stop your blood pressure from rising to definite high blood pressure.
High blood pressure can damage your organs and increase the risk of several conditions including heart attack, heart failure, stroke, aneurysms and kidney failure.
June 23, 2015
- What is high blood pressure? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp. Accessed May 6, 2015.
- AskMayoExpert. How is hypertension classified? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
- James PA, et al. 2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: Report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA. 2014;311:507.
- Kaplan NM. Prehypertension. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 6, 2015.
- U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for high blood pressure: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force reaffirmation recommendation statement. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2007;147:783.
- Kaplan NM, et al. Overview of hypertension in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 8, 2015.
- Understand your risk for high blood pressure. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/UnderstandYourRiskforHighBloodPressure/Understand-Your-Risk-for-High-Blood-Pressure_UCM_002052_Article.jsp. Accessed May 8, 2015.
- Kaplan NM, et al. Diet in the treatment and prevention of hypertension. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 8, 2015.
- Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/DGAs2010-PolicyDocument.htm. Accessed May 8, 2015.
- 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.health.gov/PAGUIDELINES/guidelines/default.aspx. Accessed May 8, 2015.
- Bushman B. Promoting exercise as medicine for prediabetes and prehypertension. Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2014;13:233.
- Collier SR, et al. Treatment of prehypertension: Lifestyle and/or medication. Vascular Health and Risk Management. 2012;8:613.
- Sheps SG. 5 Steps to Controlling High Blood Pressure. 2nd ed. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Clinic; 2015.
- Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and white coat hypertension in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 19, 2015.
- Sheps SG (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 19, 2015.