Transvaginal mesh complications: Get the facts
Concerned about transvaginal mesh complications associated with treatments for pelvic floor disorders? Here's what you need to know.
By Mayo Clinic Staff
If you're a woman who has a pelvic floor disorder, you've likely heard of treatments involving transvaginal mesh. However, reports about complications might have you confused or hesitant to seek treatment. Understand the concerns about transvaginal mesh and what they might mean for you.
What is surgical mesh?
Surgical mesh is a medical device that is used to provide extra support when repairing weakened or damaged tissue. Most surgical mesh devices are made from synthetic materials or animal tissue.
How is surgical mesh used to treat pelvic floor disorders?
Surgical mesh can be used to treat:
Jan. 17, 2016
- Pelvic organ prolapse (POP). When the muscles and ligaments supporting a woman's pelvic organs weaken, the pelvic organs can slip out of place (prolapse). To treat POP, surgical mesh can be implanted to reinforce the weakened vaginal wall. Surgery can be done through the abdomen (transabdominal) or through the vagina (transvaginal).
- Stress urinary incontinence (SUI). This is the unintentional loss of urine due to a physical movement or activity — such as coughing, sneezing, running or heavy lifting — that puts pressure (stress) on your bladder. Surgical mesh can be implanted through the vagina to support the urethra or bladder neck. This is known as a midurethral sling or a mesh sling procedure.
See more In-depth
- Abbott S, et al. Evaluation and management of complications from synthetic mesh after pelvic reconstructive surgery: A multicenter study. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2014;210:163.e1.
- Myers E, et al. Estimating the early impact of the FDA safety communication on the use of surgical mesh. Southern Medical Journal. 2013;106:684.
- Gutman RE, et al. Three-year outcomes of vaginal mesh for prolapse: A randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2013;122:770.
- Position statement on mesh midurethral slings for stress urinary incontinence. American Urogynecologic Society. http://www.augs.org/p/bl/et/blogid=16&blogaid=194. Accessed May 30, 2014.
- Frequently asked questions by patients: Mid-urethral slings for stress urinary incontinence. American Urogynecologic Society. http://www.augs.org/p/bl/et/blogid=16&blogaid=194. Accessed May 30, 2014.
- FDA safety communication: Update on serious complications associated with transvaginal placement of surgical mesh for pelvic organ prolapse. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/Safety/AlertsandNotices/ucm262435.htm. Accessed May 30, 2014.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Gynecologic Practice. Committee Opinion No. 513: Vaginal placement of synthetic mesh for pelvic organ prolapse. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2011;118:1459.
- FDA issues proposals to address risks associated with surgical mesh for transvaginal repair of pelvic organ prolapse. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm395192.htm#. Accessed May 30, 2014.
- Urogynecologic surgical mesh implants. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/ImplantsandProsthetics/UroGynSurgicalMesh/ucm2025152.htm. Accessed May 30, 2014.
- FDA strengthens requirements for surgical mesh for the transvaginal repair of pelvic organ prolapse to address safety risks. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm479732.htm. Accessed Jan. 5, 2016.