Diagnosis at Mayo Clinic

By Mayo Clinic Staff


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Diagnosis of pelvic organ prolapse begins with your history and a physical exam of your pelvic organs to help your health care provider determine the type of prolapse.

Beyond this office visit, some additional tests might be necessary in some situations. Ask your health care provider why each test is being done so that you can understand the different decisions you and your provider can make about your management options.

Tests for pelvic organ prolapse might include:

  • Bladder function tests. Some tests are as simple as finding out whether your bladder leaks when it is put back into place at the time of your physical exam. Other tests might measure how well your bladder empties. Seeing these results can help you and your doctor determine the most appropriate type of management for prolapse.
  • Pelvic floor strength tests. Your doctor will test the strength of your pelvic floor and sphincter muscles at the time of your physical examination. This tests the strength of muscles and ligaments that support the vaginal walls, uterus, rectum, urethra and bladder.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An MRI creates a detailed, 3-D image of your pelvis and is useful only in complex cases.
  • Ultrasound. An ultrasound helps your doctor view your kidneys, bladder and the muscles around your anus and is useful only in complex cases.
July 28, 2015