Norovirus infection is highly contagious. To help prevent its spread:
April 02, 2014
- Wash your hands thoroughly, especially after using the toilet or changing a diaper.
- Avoid contaminated food and water, including food that may have been prepared by someone who was sick.
- Wash fruits and vegetables before eating.
- Cook seafood thoroughly.
- Dispose of vomit and fecal matter carefully, to avoid spreading norovirus by air. Soak up material with disposable towels, using minimal agitation, and place them in plastic disposal bags.
- Disinfect virus-contaminated areas with a chlorine bleach solution. Wear gloves.
- Stay home from work, especially if your job involves handling food. You may be contagious as long as three days after your symptoms end. Children should stay home from school or day care.
- Avoid traveling until signs and symptoms have ended.
- Treanor JJ. Epidemiology, clinical manifestations and diagnosis of norovirus and related viruses. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 8, 2013.
- Blacklow MR. Epidemiology of viral gastroenteritis in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 8, 2013.
- Goldman L, et al. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.mdconsult.com/das/book/body/191371208-2/0/1492/0.html#. Accessed Nov. 8, 2013.
- Payne DC, et al. Norovirus and medically attended gastroenteritis in U.S. children. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2013;368:1121.
- AskMayoExpert. What tests are needed to confirm the diagnosis of norovirus infection? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2013.
- Alexandraki I, et al. Management of acute viral gastroenteritis in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 8, 2013.
- Bok K, et al. Norovirus gastroenteritis in immunocompromised patients. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2012;367:2126.
- Norovirus: Technical fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/norovirus/index.html. Accessed Nov. 8, 2013.
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