Neuroendocrine tumors are abnormal growths that begin in specialized cells called neuroendocrine cells. Neuroendocrine cells have traits similar to nerve cells and to hormone-producing cells.
Neuroendocrine tumors are rare and can occur anywhere in the body. Most neuroendocrine tumors occur in the lungs, appendix, small intestine, rectum and pancreas.
Neuroendocrine tumors can be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant).
Diagnosis and treatment of neuroendocrine tumors depend on the type of tumor, its location, whether it produces excess hormones, how aggressive it is and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.
Neuroendocrine tumors care at Mayo Clinic
Aug. 18, 2017
- AskMayoExpert. Bronchial neuroendocrine tumors (BNETs). Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
- AskMayoExpert. Neuroendocrine cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
- AskMayoExpert. Liver transplantation. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
- Neuroendocrine tumors. Fort Washington, Pa.: National Comprehensive Cancer Network. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed May 11, 2016.
- Cook AJ. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 29, 2016.
- Neuroendocrine tumor. Cancer.Net. http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/neuroendocrine-tumor. Accessed May 13, 2016.