Learning to manage the symptoms of your multiple sclerosis (MS) can help you feel better during your daily activities and more in control of your life. Your doctor may prescribe the following medications to relieve the day-to-day challenges associated with MS.
- Muscle relaxants. Muscle relaxants such as tizanidine (Zanaflex) and baclofen (Lioresal) can ease the muscle stiffness and spasticity that is common in MS. Some people experience side effects such as drowsiness, dry mouth and weight gain.
- Fatigue reducers. Your doctor may prescribe amantadine or other drugs to decrease general fatigue.
- Dalfampridine (Ampyra). Dalfampridine improves walking speed in some people with MS, but may result in seizures.
- Medications to treat other symptoms. Your doctor may prescribe drugs approved for pain, depression, and bladder or bowel control problems if you experience these symptoms.
Stretching and strengthening exercises may help you reduce fatigue or improve walking by increasing your muscle strength and flexibility. Ask your doctor whether physical therapy may help you.
Apr. 08, 2014
- Multiple sclerosis: Hope through research. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/multiple_sclerosis/detail_multiple_sclerosis.htm. Accessed Aug. 7, 2012.
- Olek MJ. Treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 19, 2012.
- Weinshenker BG (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Dec. 2, 2012.
- Olek MJ. Comorbid problems associated with multiple sclerosis in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 3, 2012.