Lifestyle and home remedies
To improve your quality of life, your doctor may recommend that you:
- Keep your blood pressure under control. Control of high blood pressure is important if you have mitral valve regurgitation.
- Eat a heart-healthy diet. Food doesn't directly affect mitral valve regurgitation. But a healthy diet can help prevent other heart disease that can weaken the heart muscle. Eat foods that are low in saturated and trans fats, sugar, salt, and refined grains, such as white bread. Eat a variety of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, and proteins, such as lean meats, fish and nuts.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Keep your weight within a range recommended by your doctor.
- Prevent infective endocarditis. If you have had a heart valve replaced, your doctor may recommend you take antibiotics before dental procedures to prevent an infection called infective endocarditis. Check with your doctor to find out if he or she recommends that you take antibiotics before dental procedures.
- Cut back on alcohol. Heavy alcohol use can cause arrhythmias and can make your symptoms worse. Excessive alcohol use can also cause cardiomyopathy, a condition of weakened heart muscle that leads to mitral regurgitation. Ask your doctor about the effects of drinking alcohol.
- Exercise. How long and hard you're able to exercise depends on the severity of your condition and the intensity of exercise. Ask your doctor for guidance before starting to exercise, especially if you're considering competitive sports.
- See your doctor regularly. Establish a regular evaluation schedule with your cardiologist or primary care provider. Tell your doctor if you have any changes in your signs or symptoms.
If you're a woman with mitral valve regurgitation, discuss family planning with your doctor before you become pregnant. Pregnancy causes the heart to work harder. How a heart with mitral valve regurgitation tolerates this extra work depends on the degree of regurgitation and how well your heart pumps. Throughout your pregnancy and after delivery, your cardiologist and obstetrician should monitor you.
Coping and support
If you have mitral valve regurgitation, here are some steps that may help you cope:
- Take medications as prescribed. Take your medications as directed by your doctor.
- Get support. Having support from your family and friends can help you cope with your condition. Ask your doctor about support groups that may be helpful.
- Stay active. It's a good idea to stay physically active. Your doctor may give you recommendations about how much and what type of exercise is appropriate for you.
Feb. 18, 2015
- Heart valve disease. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/hvd/hvd_all.html. Accessed Dec. 9, 2014.
- Roles of your four heart valves. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/Roles-of-Your-Four-Heart-Valves_UCM_450344_Article.jsp. Accessed Dec. 9, 2014.
- Otto CM. Etiology, clinical features, and evaluation of chronic mitral regurgitation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 8, 2014.
- What is pulmonary hypertension? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pah/. Accessed Dec. 9, 2014.
- Gaasch WH. Overview of the management of chronic mitral regurgitation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 8, 2014.
- Schiller NB, et al. Echocardiographic evaluation of the mitral valve. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 8, 2014.
- Maganti K, et al. Valvular heart disease: Diagnosis and management. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2010;85:483.
- Gaasch WH. Surgical procedures in severe chronic mitral valve regurgitation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 9, 2014.
- Nishimura RA, et al. 2014 ACC/AHA valve guidelines: Earlier intervention for chronic mitral regurgitation. Heart. 2014;100:905.
- Aldea GS. Minimally invasive aortic and mitral valve surgery. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 8, 2014.
- Otto CM. Acute mitral regurgitation in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 6, 2014.
- Gaasch WH, et al. Valvular heart disease induced by drugs. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 9, 2014.
- Nishimura RA, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: Executive summary. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2014;63:2438.
- What is atrial fibrillation? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/af. Accessed Dec. 9, 2014.
- Rehfeldt KH, et al. Robot-assisted mitral valve repair. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. 2011;25:721.
- Suri RM, et al. Minimally invasive heart surgery: How and why in 2012. Current Cardiology Reports. 2012;14:171.
- Bhamra-Ariza P, et al. The MitraClip experience and future percutaneous mitral valve therapies. Heart, Lung & Circulation. 2014;23:1009.
- Cullen MW, et al. Transvenous, antegrade Melody valve-in-valve implantation for bioprosthetic mitral and tricuspid valve dysfunction: A case series in children and adults. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. 2013;6:598.
- What causes cardiomyopathy? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cm/causes. Accessed Dec. 10, 2014.
- What cause an arrhythmia? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/arr/causes. Accessed Dec. 10, 2014.
- Rihal CS, et al. Principles of percutaneous paravalvular leak closure. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. 2012;5:121.
- Golden AK. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Dec. 11, 2014.
- Suri RM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Dec. 30, 2014.
- Nkomo VT (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 2, 2015.
- Suri RM, et al. Survival advantage and improved durability of mitral repair for leaflet prolapse subsets in the current era. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 2006;82:819.
- Suri RM, et al. Robotic mitral valve repair for all categories of leaflet prolapse: Improving patient appeal and advancing standard of care. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2011;86:838.
- Suri RM, et al. Improving affordability through innovation in the surgical treatment of mitral valve disease. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2013:88:1075.
- U.S. News Best Hospitals 2014-15. U.S. News & World Report. http://health.usnews.com/best-hospitals/rankings. Accessed Dec. 29, 2014.
- Suri RM, et al. Association between early surgical intervention vs watchful waiting and outcomes for mitral regurgitation due to flail mitral valve leaflets. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2013;310:609.
- Suri RM, et al. Robotic mitral valve repair for all prolapse subsets using techniques identical to open valvuloplasty: Establishing the benchmark against which percutaneous interventions should be judged. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2011;142:970.
- Suri RM, et al. Recurrent mitral regurgitation after repair: Should the mitral valve be re-repaired? The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2006;132:1390.
- Constans DM. Echo Report Yearly Volumes. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Accessed Jan. 12, 2015.
- Algarni KD, et al. Robotic-assisted mitral valve repair: Surgical technique. Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery. 2014;2014:e1. http://mmcts.oxfordjournals.org/content/2014/mmu022.full?sid=f176f3ea-c51d-42cc-871f-9c7d8b10c943. Accessed Jan. 9, 2015.
- Suri RM, et al. Quality of life after early mitral valve repair using conventional and robotic approaches. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 2012;93:761.
- Sorajja R, et al. The learning curve in percutaneous repair of paravalvuloar prosthetic regurgitation: An analysis of 200 cases. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2014;7:521.
- Miller HL. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Accessed Dec. 29, 2014.
- Severson RM. Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database. Accessed Jan. 15, 2015.
News, connections and conversations for your health
You Are ... The Campaign for Mayo Clinic
Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. Make a difference today.
Mitral valve regurgitation