Treatment

The types of drugs and the length of treatment will vary, depending on:

  • Which type of malaria parasite you have
  • The severity of your symptoms
  • Your age
  • Whether you're pregnant

Medications

The most common antimalarial drugs include:

  • Chloroquine (Aralen)
  • Quinine sulfate (Qualaquin)
  • Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)
  • Mefloquine
  • Combination of atovaquone and proguanil (Malarone)

The history of antimalarial medicine has been marked by a constant struggle between evolving drug-resistant parasites and the search for new drug formulations. In many parts of the world, for instance, resistance to chloroquine has rendered the drug ineffective.

Jan. 05, 2016
References
  1. AskMayoExpert. Malaria. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
  2. Longo DL, et al., eds. Malaria. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015.
  3. Tintinalli JE, et al. Malaria. In: Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 7th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2011. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015.
  4. Malaria. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/extraintestinal-protozoa/malaria. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015.
  5. Malaria. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/diseases/malaria. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015.
  6. Breman JG. Clinical manifestations of malaria. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015.
  7. Daily J. Treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015.