Treatments and drugs

By Mayo Clinic Staff

For baby boys, hydroceles typically disappear on their own within a year. If a hydrocele doesn't disappear after a year or if it continues to enlarge, it might need to be surgically removed.

For adult males, hydroceles often go away on their own within six months. A hydrocele requires treatment only if it gets large enough to cause discomfort or disfigurement. Then it might need to be surgically removed.

Surgery (hydrocelectomy)

The procedure can be performed on an outpatient basis during general or regional anesthesia. An incision is made in the scrotum or lower abdomen to remove the hydrocele. If a hydrocele is found during surgery to repair an inguinal hernia, the surgeon might remove the hydrocele even if it's causing no discomfort.

Follow-up care

After hydrocelectomy, you might need a tube to drain fluid and a bulky dressing for a few days. To ease discomfort, your doctor might recommend:

  • A scrotal support strap
  • Ice packs to help reduce swelling

Your doctor is likely to recommend a follow-up examination because a hydrocele might recur.

Oct. 09, 2014

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