Diagnosis

To confirm a diagnosis of HUS, your doctor is likely to recommend lab tests, including:

  • Blood tests. These tests can determine if your red blood cells are damaged. Blood tests can also reveal a low platelet count, low red blood cell count or a higher than normal level of creatinine, a waste product normally removed by your kidneys.
  • Urine test. This test can detect abnormal levels of protein, blood and signs of infection in your urine.
  • Stool sample. This test might detect toxin-producing E. coli and other bacteria that can cause HUS.
July 02, 2016
References
  1. Niaudet P. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 22, 2016.
  2. Niaudet P. Treatment and prognosis of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 22, 2016.
  3. Ferri FF. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2016. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 23, 2016.
  4. Kliegman RM, et al. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 23, 2016.
  5. Tael MW, et al. Microvascular and macrovascular diseases of the kidney. In: Brenner & Rector's The Kidney. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 23, 2016.
  6. Greenbaum LA. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. Advances in Pediatrics. 2014;61:335.
  7. Niaudet P. Complement-mediated hemolytic uremic syndrome. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 22, 2016.
  8. Keir LS. Shiga toxin associated hemolytic uremic syndrome. Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America. 2015;29:525.
  9. Hemolytic uremic syndrome in children. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse. http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/childkidneydiseases/hemolytic_uremic_syndrome/. Accessed March 23, 2016.
  10. Calderwood SB. Microbiology, pathogenesis, epidemiology, and prevention of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 22, 2016.