Mayo Clinic doctors with training in heart disease (cardiologists), heart surgeons and other specialists in heart valve disease work together to determine the most appropriate treatment for your condition. Your treatment team evaluates you, performs tests, determines your diagnosis, discusses your test results with you and develops your treatment plan within a few days.
Heart valve disease treatment depends on the type of heart valve disease and the severity of your condition.
Treatment may include:
Feb. 06, 2014
- Monitoring. If tests reveal a mild to moderate condition and you aren't experiencing any symptoms, your doctor may suggest regular medical checkups to monitor your condition for any changes.
- Medication. Medications can't correct heart valve disease but may help reduce your heart's workload and regulate heart rhythms. Sometimes medications may slow or halt the progression of the heart valve disease.
- Balloon valvuloplasty. Your doctor may perform balloon valvuloplasty to treat a narrowed valve (stenosis). In this procedure your doctor inserts a long, thin tube (catheter) with a balloon in the tip into your arm or groin and guides it to your heart. Your doctor inserts the balloon in the valve and inflates the balloon to open or stretch the valve. The balloon is then deflated and removed. You may need additional procedures over time to treat the narrowed valve.
- Surgery. If you have serious or advanced heart valve disease, you may need heart valve surgery. Mayo Clinic heart surgeons perform hundreds of surgeries each year to repair or replace heart valves. When possible, surgeons repair heart valves instead of replacing valves. Surgeons may perform minimally invasive heart surgery, which involves the use of smaller incisions than incisions used in standard surgery.
- Follow-up. You should have regular follow-up appointments with your doctor to monitor your heart valve disease. Your doctor will watch for any changes in your heart valve. Close monitoring will help your doctor determine when heart valve repair or replacement is needed, before irreversible damage occurs.
- Heart valves explained. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/PreventionTreatmentofHeartAttack/Heart-Valves-Explained_UCM_305656_Article.jsp. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- Longo DL, et al. Harrison's Online. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=4. Accessed July 15, 2013.