Hashimoto's disease is an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system creates antibodies that damage your thyroid gland. Doctors don't know what causes your immune system to attack your thyroid gland. Some scientists think a virus or bacterium might trigger the response, while others believe a genetic flaw may be involved.
A combination of factors — including heredity, sex and age — may determine your likelihood of developing the disorder.
Jan. 02, 2014
- Davies TF. Pathogenesis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (chronic autoimmune thyroiditis). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 7, 2013.
- Frequently asked questions: Hashimoto's disease. Office on Women's Health. http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/hashimoto-disease.cfm. Accessed Oct. 7, 2013.
- Hashimoto's thyroiditis. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. http://www.thyroidawareness.com/hashimotos. Accessed Oct. 7, 2013.
- Ross DS. Disorders that cause hypothyroidism. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 7, 2013.
- Garber JR, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for hypothyroidism in adults: Cosponsored by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American Thyroid Association. Endocrine Practice. 2012;18:988.
- Ross DS. Treatment of hypothyroidism. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 7, 2013.
- Nippoldt TB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. October 7, 2013.