Certain activities could be dangerous if you have a seizure while doing them. Activities include:

  • Swimming. If you go in water, wear a life preserver and don't go alone.
  • Bathing. Bathing also can pose a risk of drowning. Shower instead.
  • Driving a car or operating other equipment. Most states have licensing restrictions for driving for people with a history of seizures.

The force of a seizure or falling as a result of a seizure can cause injury. In extreme cases, seizures can be fatal, particularly if medication is not taken consistently or properly.

Types of injuries that can occur with seizures include:

  • Joint dislocations
  • Head injuries
  • Bone fractures

Repeated seizures

Whether repeated seizures can cause brain damage has been studied extensively, but there's no simple answer. The longer a seizure lasts, the more likely it is to lead to changes in brain function and structure. Repeated brief seizures also can lead to brain changes, sometimes causing a normal brain to become epileptic, a process known as kindling. The seriousness of repeated seizures underscores the need for control with medication.

Jun. 23, 2011