Chondrosarcoma is a rare type of cancer called a sarcoma, which develops in the bones and soft tissues of the body. Most chondrosarcomas begin in the bones. A small number develop in the soft tissues away from bones (extraskeletal chondrosarcomas).
Many chondrosarcomas are low-grade tumors that grow slowly and rarely spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body. However, some chondrosarcomas are intermediate- and high-grade tumors that behave more aggressively.
Chondrosarcomas often affect middle-aged and older adults. They most commonly occur in the pelvis or thigh (femur) bones.
Mayo Clinic's approach
July 28, 2016
- Van Gompel JJ, et al. Chordoma and chondrosarcoma. The Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. 2015;48:501.
- Bone cancer. Fort Washington, Pa.: National Comprehensive Cancer Network. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed May 10, 2016.
- Gelderblom AJ, et al. Chondrosarcoma. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 1, 2016.
- Longo DL, et al., eds. Soft tissue and bone sarcomas and bone metastases. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed July 1, 2016.
- Nota SPFT, et al. The identification of prognostic factors and survival statistics of conventional central chondrosarcoma. Sarcoma. 2015;2015:1.
- Rose PS (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 10, 2016.