Overview

Chondrosarcoma is a rare type of cancer called a sarcoma, which develops in the bones and soft tissues of the body. Most chondrosarcomas begin in the bones. A small number develop in the soft tissues away from bones (extraskeletal chondrosarcomas).

Many chondrosarcomas are low-grade tumors that grow slowly and rarely spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body. However, some chondrosarcomas are intermediate- and high-grade tumors that behave more aggressively.

Chondrosarcomas often affect middle-aged and older adults. They most commonly occur in the pelvis or thigh (femur) bones.

Mayo Clinic's approach

July 28, 2016
References
  1. Van Gompel JJ, et al. Chordoma and chondrosarcoma. The Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. 2015;48:501.
  2. Bone cancer. Fort Washington, Pa.: National Comprehensive Cancer Network. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  3. Gelderblom AJ, et al. Chondrosarcoma. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 1, 2016.
  4. Longo DL, et al., eds. Soft tissue and bone sarcomas and bone metastases. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed July 1, 2016.
  5. Nota SPFT, et al. The identification of prognostic factors and survival statistics of conventional central chondrosarcoma. Sarcoma. 2015;2015:1.
  6. Rose PS (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 10, 2016.