Broken heart syndrome is a temporary heart condition that's often brought on by stressful situations, such as the death of a loved one. The condition can also be triggered by a serious physical illness or surgery. People with broken heart syndrome may have sudden chest pain or think they're having a heart attack.
In broken heart syndrome, there's a temporary disruption of your heart's normal pumping function in one area of the heart. The remainder of the heart functions normally or with even more forceful contractions. Broken heart syndrome may be caused by the heart's reaction to a surge of stress hormones.
The condition may also be called takotsubo cardiomyopathy, apical ballooning syndrome or stress cardiomyopathy by doctors. The symptoms of broken heart syndrome are treatable, and the condition usually reverses itself in days or weeks.
Nov. 05, 2016
- Is broken heart syndrome real? American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/Cardiomyopathy/Is-Broken-Heart-Syndrome-Real_UCM_448547_Article.jsp#.V70RB6ImGLU. Accessed Aug. 23, 2016.
- Templin C, et al. Clinical features and outcomes of Takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2015;317:929.
- Ferri FF. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 23, 2016.
- Augoustides JG, et al. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy: A clinical update for the cardiovascular anesthesiologist. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. In press. Accessed Aug. 23, 2016.
- Mejía-Rentería HD, et al. Takotsubo syndrome: Advances in the understanding and management of an enigmatic stress cardiomyopathy. World Journal of Cardiology. 2016;8:413.
- Broken heart syndrome. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/broken-heart-syndrome#. Accessed Aug. 25, 2016.
- Reeder GS, et al. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of stress (takotsubo) cardiomyopathy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 23, 2016.
- Izumi Y. Drug-induced Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Heart Failure Clinics. 2013;9:225.
- Reeder GS, et al. Management and prognosis of stress (takotsubo) cardiomyopathy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 23, 2016.
- Mankad R (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. 7, 2016.