Diagnosis

To diagnose aplastic anemia, your doctor may recommend:

  • Blood tests. Normally, red blood cell, white blood cell and platelet levels stay within a certain range. Your doctor may suspect aplastic anemia when all three of these blood cell levels are very low.
  • Bone marrow biopsy. To confirm a diagnosis, you'll need to undergo a bone marrow biopsy. In this procedure, a doctor uses a needle to remove a small sample of bone marrow from a large bone in your body, such as your hipbone. The bone marrow sample is examined under a microscope to rule out other blood-related diseases. In aplastic anemia, bone marrow contains fewer blood cells than normal.

Once you've received a diagnosis of aplastic anemia, you may need additional tests to determine an underlying cause.

Nov. 24, 2016
References
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  8. Aplastic anemia. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology-and-oncology/anemias-caused-by-deficient-erythropoiesis/aplastic-anemia. Accessed Sept. 18, 2016.
  9. Negrin RS. Hematopoietic cell transplantation for aplastic anemia in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 18, 2016.
  10. Lichtman MA, et al. Aplastic Anemia: Acquired and Inherited. In: Williams Hematology. 9th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2016. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1581§ionid=94301148. Accessed Sept. 18, 2016.
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