1. Minnesota


  1. Anesthesiology


  1. B.Tech - Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology
  2. MS - Biomedical Engineering University of Southern California
  3. Predoctoral Fellowship Mayo Graduate School, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  4. PhD Physiology, Mayo Graduate School, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  5. Post Doctoral Fellowship Mayo Clinic in Rochester
  6. MD University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
  7. Internship - Internal Medicine Mayo Clinic in Rochester
  8. Resident - Anesthesiology Mayo Clinic College of Medicine


  1. American Board of Anesthesiology

Academic rank

  1. Professor of Anesthesiology
  2. Professor of Physiology


  • Mechanisms of anesthetic action
  • Signal transduction in smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle in development, health and disease
  • Mechanisms of airway inflammation
  • Mechanisms of hypothermia and rewarming in cardiac muscle


See a listing of publications on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.


See a description of research activities.