1. Saint Louis University
  2. MD Saint Louis University School of Medicine
  3. Internship - Pediatrics St. Louis University Group Hospitals
  4. Resident - Pediatrics St. Louis University Group Hospitals
  5. Fellow - Pediatric Cardiology UCLA Medical Center, University of California, Los Angeles
  6. Fellow - Pediatric Cardiology Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Academic rank

  1. Professor of Medicine
  2. Professor of Pediatrics


  • Diagnostic congenital cardiac catheterization
  • Interventional congenital cardiac catheterization — intravascular stents
  • Balloon valvotomy
  • Vessel embolization
  • Percutaneous catheter device closure of atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, patent foramen ovale, and patent ductus arteriosus
  • Echocardiography, fetal echocardiography, transesophageal and intracardiac echocardiography
  • Complex congenital heart disease
  • Three-dimensional echocardiography


See a listing of publications on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.


See a description of research activities.


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