What you can expect

During the procedure

A urine cytology test requires a urine sample, which you provide by urinating into a sterile container. In some cases, a urine sample is collected using a thin, hollow tube (catheter) that's inserted into your urethra and moved up to your bladder.

After the procedure

Your urine sample is sent to a lab for testing by a doctor who specializes in examining body tissues (pathologist). The pathologist analyzes cells from the urine sample under a microscope, notes the types of cells and looks for signs in the cells that might indicate cancer.

Nov. 04, 2017
  1. Campbell SC, et al. Screening for bladder cancer. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed Aug. 17, 2017.
  2. Can bladder cancer be found early? American Cancer Society. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/bladder-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/detection.html. Aug. 17, 2017.
  3. Barkin GA, et al. The Paris system for reporting urinary cytology: The quest to develop a standardized terminology. Acta Cytologica. 2016;60:185.
  4. Sullivan PS, et al. Review article: Urine cytology and adjunct markers for detection and surveillance of bladder cancer. American Journal of Translational Research. 2010;2:412.