Make an appointment with your doctor if you find a lump or other change during a testicular self-exam. Depending on the circumstances, your doctor might do a testicular exam followed by a blood test, ultrasound or biopsy.

Most changes in your testicles aren't caused by testicular cancer. A number of noncancerous conditions can cause changes in your testicles, such as a cyst, injury, infection, hernia and collection of fluid around the testicles (hydrocele).

Nov. 14, 2017
  1. Lin KW. Screening for testicular cancer. Accessed Oct. 13, 2017.
  2. Testicular cancer screening (PDQ). National Cancer Institute. Accessed Oct. 13, 2017.
  3. Can testicular cancer be found early? American Cancer Society. Accessed Oct. 13, 2017.
  4. Final evidence review. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Accessed Oct. 13, 2017.