Make an appointment with your doctor if you find a lump or other change during a testicular self-exam. Depending on the circumstances, your doctor might do a testicular exam followed by a blood test, ultrasound or biopsy.
Most changes in your testicles aren't caused by testicular cancer. A number of noncancerous conditions can cause changes in your testicles, such as a cyst, injury, infection, hernia and collection of fluid around the testicles (hydrocele).
Nov. 14, 2017
- Lin KW. Screening for testicular cancer. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed Oct. 13, 2017.
- Testicular cancer screening (PDQ). National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/screening/testicular/HealthProfessional. Accessed Oct. 13, 2017.
- Can testicular cancer be found early? American Cancer Society. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicular-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/detection.html. Accessed Oct. 13, 2017.
- Final evidence review. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/final-evidence-review96/testicular-cancer-screening. Accessed Oct. 13, 2017.