In-depth

Aortic valve regurgitation

Aortic valve stenosis

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial septal defect

Mitral valve disease

Tricuspid valve disease

Tricuspid valve regurgitation

Dec. 29, 2017
References
  1. What is heart surgery? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hs. Accessed May 26, 2016.
  2. Aldea GS. Minimally invasive aortic and mitral valve surgery. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 26, 2016.
  3. Aldea GS. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass graft surgery: Definitions and technical issues. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 26, 2016.
  4. Vernick W, et al. Robotic and minimally invasive cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology Clinics. 2013;31:299.
  5. Pope NH, et al. Minimally invasive valve surgery. Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research. 2014;7:387.
  6. Lamelas J, et al. Minimally invasive valve surgery: When less is more. Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2015;27:49.
  7. Lee R. Surgical ablation to prevent recurrent atrial fibrillation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 26, 2016.
  8. Connolly HM. Surgical and percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 25, 2016.
  9. Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. Minimally invasive heart surgery. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2012.
  10. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 3, 2016.

Minimally invasive heart surgery