What you can expect

During the microalbumin test, you simply need to provide a fresh urine sample. This may be done in several ways:

  • 24-hour urine test. Your doctor may ask you to collect all of your urine in a special container over a 24-hour period and submit it for analysis.
  • Timed urine test. Your doctor may ask you to provide a urine sample first thing in the morning or after a four-hour period of not urinating.
  • Random urine test. A random urine test can be taken at any time. But to improve accuracy of the results, it's often combined with a urine test for creatinine — a waste product usually filtered by the kidneys.

The urine sample is sent to a lab for analysis. After you provide the urine sample, you can return to your usual activities immediately.

Jan. 14, 2016
  1. Microalbumin and microalbumin/creatinine ratio. Lab Tests Online. http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/microalbumin. Accessed Oct. 19, 2015.
  2. Kidney disease: Causes. National Kidney Foundation. http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/kidneydiscauses.cfm. Accessed Oct. 19, 2015.
  3. American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes — 2015. Diabetes Care. 2015;38(suppl):S1.
  4. Microalbumin, random, urine. Mayo Medical Laboratories. http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Clinical+and+Interpretive/81260. Accessed Oct. 19, 2015.