Overview

Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that occurs when your child's breathing becomes partially or completely blocked repeatedly during sleep. The condition is due to narrowing or blockage of the upper airway during sleep.

There are some differences between pediatric obstructive sleep apnea and adult sleep apnea. Children often have only partially narrowed airways rather than a complete blockage as often seen in adults.

Obesity is a common factor underlying obstructive sleep apnea in adults. But in children the most common condition leading to obstructive sleep apnea is enlarged tonsils and adenoids.

Problems with daytime behavior and attention span are also common in children with OSA.

Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea care at Mayo Clinic

Sept. 24, 2015
References
  1. Flint PW, et al. Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea. In: Cummings Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 7, 2015.
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  3. Rosen GM. Mechanisms and predisposing factors for sleep related breathing disorders in children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 7, 2015.
  4. Find an AASM-accredited sleep facility. American Academy of Sleep Medicine. http://www.sleepcenters.org/. Accessed July 10, 2015.
  5. Riggs EA. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 17, 2015.
  6. Alexander MS. Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Pediatric Clinics of North America. 2013;60:827.
  7. Paruthi S. Management of obstructive sleep apnea in children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 7, 2015.
  8. Kotagal S. Sleep in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. 2015;22:126.