Men: Consider this when life throws you a curveball
Improve your ability to rebound from a challenge or setback by understanding how you cope with stress.By Mandy J. Strong
Experts who study humans who face stress (that would include everyone who breathes) have discovered something interesting: Men's and women's bodies respond differently to stressful life events.
Why is this important to know? Because understanding how you cope can improve what scientists call your resilience — your ability to rebound from a challenge or setback.
A number of studies have found that men display more evidence of the "fight or flight" response to stress. The theory is that as men evolved and faced physical challenges, their bodies adapted to overcome (fight) or escape (flight) the inevitable physical threats in their environment.
The fight or flight physical response helped your ancient ancestors survive a life-threatening attack from a possible predator situation. But that same heart-pumping, palm-sweating response is not so helpful for today's stressors that are mostly psychological — say, during a job interview, giving a speech or negotiating with a moody teen.
In fact, fight or flight can put a real damper on your life and mood. Scientists have found that when faced with stressful tasks, the sections of the male brain associated with vigilance and negative emotions fire up, suppressing activity in the brain associated with positive emotion and pleasure.
How do men adapt?
Researchers have noticed several trends in how men tend to cope with stress. They may be less likely to:
- Report symptoms of stress
- Participate in stress-relieving activities
- Say that they need emotional support
- Have a strong, diverse emotional support network.
It's important to point out that many men are aware of their stress level and work to manage it. The key is to understand how you respond to stress so you can develop an ongoing plan for resiliency.
When stress is a part of life, start by being aware
Resiliency doesn't mean you are free from struggles or stress. It means engaging in ongoing stress management practices and being prepared to withstand hardships with an ability to bounce back from adversity and grow despite life's challenges.
Increase your resiliency by simply noticing patterns and identifying how you're feeling. Some specific strategies:
Oct. 27, 2017
- Listen to your body. Recognize signs like increased heart rate and clenched teeth, indicating you may be stressed.
- Write it down. Make a list of physical, behavioral and emotional responses. This gives you a moment to measure your reaction and pause before a response.
- Reflect. Understand what your mind is telling you during stress. Ask if the threat is real or whether stress is leading to irrational thoughts. Simply recognizing those thoughts will give you perspective.
See more In-depth
- Verma R, et al. Gender differences in stress response: Role of developmental and biological determinants. Industrial Psychiatry Journal. 2011; 20:4.
- Stress in America: Gender and stress. American Psychological Association. www.stressinamerica.org. Accessed Aug. 10, 2017.
- Wang J, et al. Gender difference in neural response to psychological stress. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2007; 2:227.
- Stress in America: Paying with our health. American Psychological Association. www.stressinamerica.org. Accessed Aug. 10, 2017.