Descripción general

Perspectiva general

Esophageal cancer is cancer that occurs in the esophagus — a long, hollow tube that runs from your throat to your stomach. Your esophagus helps move the food you swallow from the back of your throat to your stomach to be digested.

Esophageal cancer usually begins in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus. Esophageal cancer can occur anywhere along the esophagus. More men than women get esophageal cancer.

Esophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Incidence rates vary within different geographic locations. In some regions, higher rates of esophageal cancer cases may be attributed to tobacco and alcohol use or particular nutritional habits and obesity.

Esophageal cancer care at Mayo Clinic

April 04, 2017
References
  1. Esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancers. Fort Washington, Pa.: National Comprehensive Cancer Network. https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed Nov. 22, 2016.
  2. Niederhuber JE, et al., eds. Cancer of the esophagus. In: Abeloff's Clinical Oncology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Nov. 22, 2016.
  3. Cameron JL, et al., eds. Neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy of esophageal cancer. Current Surgical Therapy. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Nov. 22, 2016.
  4. What you need to know about cancer of the esophagus. National Cancer Institute. https://www.cancer.gov/publications/patient-education/wyntk-esophagus-cancer. Accessed Nov. 22, 2016.
  5. Saltzman JR, et al. Diagnosis and staging of esophageal cancer. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 22, 2016.
  6. Gibson MK, et al. Epidemiology, pathobiology, and clinical manifestations of esophageal cancer. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 22, 2016.

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