Selected references

  1. Cameron, M., Gagnier, J. J., and Chrubasik, S. Herbal therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Cochrane Database Syst.Rev. 2011;(2):CD002948.
  2. Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. Phyto-anti-inflammatories: a systematic review of randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials (Structured abstract). Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects. 2012;(3)
  3. Cronin, H. and Draelos, Z. D. Top 10 botanical ingredients in 2010 anti-aging creams. J Cosmet.Dermatol. 2010;9(3):218-225.
  4. Dante, G. and Facchinetti, F. Herbal treatments for alleviating premenstrual symptoms: a systematic review. J Psychosom.Obstet.Gynaecol. 2011;32(1):42-51.
  5. Darsareh, F., Taavoni, S., Joolaee, S., and Haghani, H. Effect of aromatherapy massage on menopausal symptoms: a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. Menopause. 2012;19(9):995-999.
  6. Gupta, H., Pawar, D., Riva, A., Bombardelli, E., and Morazzoni, P. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of an optimized botanical combination in the management of patients with primary hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia. Phytother.Res 2012;26(2):265-272.
  7. Koo, J. H., Lee, I., Yun, S. K., Kim, H. U., Park, B. H., and Park, J. W. Saponified evening primrose oil reduces melanogenesis in B16 melanoma cells and reduces UV-induced skin pigmentation in humans. Lipids 2010;45(5):401-407.
  8. Platzbecker, U., Aul, C., Ehninger, G., and Giagounidis, A. Reduction of 5-azacitidine induced skin reactions in MDS patients with evening primrose oil. Ann Hematol. 2010;89(4):427-428.
  9. Pruthi, S., Wahner-Roedler, D. L., Torkelson, C. J., Cha, S. S., Thicke, L. S., Hazelton, J. H., and Bauer, B. A. Vitamin E and evening primrose oil for management of cyclical mastalgia: a randomized pilot study. Altern.Med Rev. 2010;15(1):59-67.
  10. Rabahi, M. F., Ferreira, A. A., Madeira, J. G., Galvao, P. M., and Pinto, S. A. Lipoid pneumonia secondary to long-term use of evening primrose oil. J Bras.Pneumol. 2010;36(5):657-661.
  11. Reden, J., El-Hifnawi, D., Zahnert, T., and Hummel, T. The effect of a herbal combination of primrose, gentian root, vervain, elder flowers, and sorrel on olfactory function in patients with a sinonasal olfactory dysfunction. Rhinology 2011;49(3):342-346.
  12. Simmer, K., Patole, S. K., and Rao, S. C. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infants born at term. Cochrane Database Syst.Rev. 2011;(12):CD000376.
  13. Wang, W. Liu P. J. Evening Primrose Oil or other essential fatty acids for the treatment of pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS). Cochrane Database Sys Rev 2010 2010;11:CD001123.
  14. Yakoot, M., Salem, A., and Omar, A. M. Effectiveness of a herbal formula in women with menopausal syndrome. Forsch.Komplementmed. 2011;18(5):264-268.
  15. Zaitone, S. A., Moustafa, Y. M., Mosaad, S. M., and El-Orabi, N. F. Effect of evening primrose oil and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on the cardiovascular risk of celecoxib in rats. J Cardiovasc.Pharmacol 2011;58(1):72-79.

This evidence-based monograph was prepared by The Natural Standard Research Collaboration