In-depth

Symptoms

Fatigue

Unexplained weight loss

Tests and diagnosis

A1C test

Glucose tolerance test

April 19, 2017
References
  1. Laffel L, et al. Epidemiology, presentation and diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 3, 2016.
  2. Laffel L, et al. Comorbidities and complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 3, 2016.
  3. Amutha A, et al. Diabetes complications in childhood and adolescent onset type 2 diabetes — A review. Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications. 2016;30:951.
  4. Goldman L, et al., eds. Diabetes mellitus. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 3, 2016.
  5. Laffel L, et al. Management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 3, 2016.
  6. Diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/diagnosis-diabetes-prediabetes. Accessed Dec. 3, 2016.
  7. McCulloch DK, et al. Pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 3, 2016.
  8. Jameson L, et al., eds. Type 2 diabetes mellitus: Etiology, pathogenesis, and natural history. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 3, 2016.
  9. Melmed S, et al. Type 2 diabetes mellitus. In: Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 3, 2016.
  10. Kliegman RM, et al. Diabetes mellitus in children. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 4, 2016.
  11. AskMayoExpert. Childhood obesity. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  12. Jameson L, et al., eds. Management of diabetes in children. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 3, 2016.
  13. Meehan C, et al. Treatment options for type 2 diabetes in youth remain limited. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2016;170:20.
  14. Tan MH, et al. Metformin: From research to clinical practice. Endocrinology Metabolism Clinics of North America. 2016;45:819.
  15. Tools for effective diabetes management. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-communication-programs/ndep/health-care-professionals/school-guide/Pages/publicationdetail.aspx. Accessed Dec. 4, 2016.
  16. Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose). American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/blood-glucose-control/hyperglycemia.html. Accessed Dec. 4, 2016.
  17. DKA (ketoacidosis) & ketones. American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/ketoacidosis-dka.html. Accessed Dec. 4, 2016.
  18. Cameron FJ, et al. Care of diabetes in children and adolescents: Controversies, changes, and consensus. The Lancet. 2015;385:2096.
  19. School responsibilities under federal laws. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-communication-programs/ndep/health-care-professionals/school-guide/section4/Pages/default.aspx. Accessed Dec. 4, 2016.
  20. Huynh E, et al. Beating diabetes together: A mixed-methods analysis of a feasibility study of intensive lifestyle intervention for youth with type 2 diabetes. Canadian Journal of Diabetes. 2015;39:484.
  21. Natural medicines in the clinical management of diabetes. Natural Medicines. http://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com. Accessed Dec. 4, 2016.

Type 2 diabetes in children