Tests and diagnosis

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Because it's rare and because it shares symptoms with other diseases, tularemia may be difficult to diagnose. Doctors may check for F. tularensis in a blood or sputum sample that's cultured to encourage the growth of the bacteria.

Sometimes tularemia can be identified by antibodies to the bacteria in a sample of blood, but these only develop several weeks after infection. You're also likely to have a chest X-ray to look for signs of pneumonia.

July 08, 2015