In addition to medical treatments, here are self-care measures to help improve thrombophlebitis.
If you have superficial thrombophlebitis:
- Use a warm washcloth to apply heat to the involved area several times daily
- Elevate your leg
- Use a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve, others), if recommended by your doctor
If you have deep vein thrombosis:
- Take prescription anticoagulant medications as directed to prevent complications
- Elevate your leg if it's swollen
- Wear your prescription compression stockings as directed
Let your doctor know if you're taking another blood thinner, such as aspirin.
Sitting during a long flight or car ride can cause your ankles and calves to swell and increases your risk of thrombophlebitis. To help prevent a blood clot:
- Take a walk. If you're flying or riding a train or bus, walk up and down the aisle once an hour or so. If you're driving, stop every hour or so and move around.
- Move your legs regularly. Flex your ankles, or carefully press your feet against the floor or footrest in front of you at least 10 times each hour.
- Wear loose clothing.
- Drink plenty of nonalcoholic fluids to avoid dehydration.
Nov. 30, 2016
- Nasr H, et al. Superficial thrombophlebitis (superficial venous thrombosis). British Medical Journal. 2015;350:u2039.
- Scovell S, et al. Phlebitis and thrombosis of the superficial lower extremity veins. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 11, 2016.
- Bauer KA. Approach to the diagnosis and therapy of a lower extremity deep vein thrombosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 11, 2016.
- Di Nisio M, et al. Treatment for superficial thrombophlebitis of the leg (review). Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004982.pub5/abstract. Accessed July 11, 2016.
- Deep vein thrombosis. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/dvt#. Accessed July 11, 2016.
- Alguire PC, et al. Post-thrombotic (postphlebitic) syndrome. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 11, 2016.