Risk factors

Children's swimming


Symptom Checker

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May 05, 2016
  1. Goguen LA. External otitis: Pathogenesis, clinical features and diagnosis. Accessed Feb. 3, 2016.
  2. Goguen LA. External otitis: Treatment. Accessed Feb. 3, 2016.
  3. Lalwani AK. Diving medicine. In: Current Diagnosis & Treatment in Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery. 3rd ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. Accessed Feb. 3, 2016.
  4. Swimmer's ear: Otitis externa. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed Feb. 3, 2016.
  5. Papadakis MA, et al., eds. Ear, nose, & throat disorders. In: Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2016. 55th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2016. Accessed Feb. 3, 2016.
  6. Rosenfeld RM, et al. Clinical practice guideline: Acute otitis external. In: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery. 2014;150:S1.
  7. Swimmer's ear. American Academy of Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery. Accessed Feb. 3, 2016.