People with schizotypal personality disorder are often described as odd or eccentric and usually have few, if any, close relationships. They generally don't understand how relationships form or the impact of their behavior on others. They may also misinterpret others' motivations and behaviors and develop significant distrust of others.
These problems may lead to severe anxiety and a tendency to turn inward in social situations, as the person with schizotypal personality disorder responds inappropriately to social cues and holds peculiar beliefs.
Schizotypal personality disorder typically is diagnosed in early adulthood and is likely to endure, though treatment, such as medications and therapy, can improve symptoms.
Aug. 19, 2017
- Schizotypal personality disorder. In: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-5. 5th ed. Arlington, Va.: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. http://www.psychiatryonline.org. Accessed March 14, 2016.
- Hur JW, et al. Biological motion perception, brain responses, and schizotypal personality disorder. JAMA Psychiatry. 2016;73:260.
- Stone MH. Paranoid, schizotypal, and schizoid personality disorders. In: Gabbard's Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders. 5th ed. Arlington, Va.: American Psychiatric Association; 2014. http://psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.5555/appi.books.9781585625048.gg00pre. Accessed March 14, 2016.
- Silk KR. Personality disorders. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 14, 2016.
- Rosell DR, et al. Schizotypal personality disorder: A current review. Current Psychiatry Report. 2014;16:452.
- Get help. National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/gethelp.aspx. Accessed March 16, 2016.
- Palmer BA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 21, 2016.
Schizotypal personality disorder