If you have rheumatoid arthritis, the best thing you can do is follow your doctor's advice and take medications exactly as prescribed. You can also take steps at home to manage your pain and stay active:
- Pay attention to your pain. Having some soreness and stiffness is to be expected. But pain that lasts more than an hour after an activity or causes joint swelling indicates the activity was too stressful. Change your activity level or how you do a task to avoid making your pain worse.
- Change position often. When writing, doing crafts or driving, release your grip every 10 to 15 minutes. When watching television or using the computer, get up and move around every 30 minutes.
- Use the right tools. Look for tools and utensils designed for people with arthritis. Products such as anti-vibration gloves and large-diameter pens and kitchen utensils can reduce the pain caused by gripping or pinching movements.
- Conserve energy. Balance periods of rest and activity during the day. Work at a steady, moderate pace with frequent short breaks. Stop and rest before you become too tired or sore.
- Ease the ache. Soaking your hands or feet in warm or cool water may help relieve joint pain and stiffness. For some people, electrical stimulation provides temporary pain relief. Your doctor can provide a referral to a physical therapist or rehabilitation specialist for this treatment.
Of course, it's also important to get enough sleep, eat a healthy diet and be as physically active as you can. If you are overweight, even a modest amount of weight loss can ease pressure on your joints. If you smoke, ask your doctor to help you quit. For more ideas about how to manage your joint pain, talk with your doctor.
Oct. 22, 2019
- AskMayoExpert. Inflammatory arthritis rehabilitation. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2017.
- Treating pain. Arthritis Foundation. https://www.arthritis.org/toolkits/arthritis-pain/treating-pain. Accessed Jan. 31, 2018.
- Schur PH, et al. Nonpharmacologic therapies and preventive measures for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed Jan. 31, 2018.
- Rheumatoid arthritis. American College of Rheumatology. https://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Rheumatoid-Arthritis. Accessed Jan. 31, 2018.