هل هناك أي فوائد لتناول المكملات الغذائية الغنية بزيت السمك لعلاج الاكتئاب؟

إجابة من دانييال كي هال فلافين، (دكتور في الطب)

تقترح بعض الدراسات الخاصة بالبالغين أن الأحماض الدهنية أوميغا 3 قد تكون مفيدة في علاج الاكتئاب الخفيف والمتوسط، ولكن الأمر بحاجة إلى المزيد من الأبحاث.

زيت السمك مصدر جيد للأحماض الدهنية أوميغا 3 والتي تلعب دورًا هامًا في وظيفة المخ. قد يعاني الأشخاص المصابون بالاكتئاب من نقص مستويات مواد كيميائية في المخ تسمى حمض إيكوسابنتا إينويك (EPA) وحمض دوكوساهيكسينويك (DHA). تجد هذين الحمضين في زيت السمك.

تناول السمك عدة مرات في الأسبوع يمد جسمك بهذه الزيوت الصحية. من الأمثلة على السمك الذي يحتوي على نسبة عالية من أوميغا-3: السردين والسلمون والرنجة والتروتة (السلمون المُرقَّط) والتونة البيضاء المعلبة. بما أن بعض أنواع السمك تحتوي على مستويات أعلى من الزئبق بالمقارنة بغيرها، فاتبع توصيات إدارة الأغذية والأدوية الأمريكية (fda.gov)، وخاصة إذا كنتٍ حاملاً أو مرضعة.

صحيح أن الطعام الصحي هو الطريقة المثلى للحصول على المواد الغذائية، ولكن هذا مثال يوضح أن المكملات الغذائية قد تفيد. أوضحت بعض الدراسات أن الملوثات كالزئبق لا تتراكم في زيت السمك ولكنها تظل بشكل أساسي في لحم السمك. لهذا إن ساورك القلق بشأن الزئبق، قد يساعدك تناول المكملات الغذائية الغنية بزيت السمك في التخلص من الاكتئاب ولكن استشر طبيبك بخصوص ذلك.

على الرغم من أن استخدام زيت السمك آمن عمومًا، فإن تناول الكثير منه قد يرفع خطر إصابتك بالنزيف وقد يكبت استجابة جهازك المناعي، لذلك تناول المكملات الغذائية الغنية بزيت السمك تحت إشراف طبيب فقط.

لا يعد زيت السمك بديلاً لعلاج الاكتئاب ولكنه قد يكون مفيداً بجانب الأدوية المتاحة فقط بوصفة طبية أو العلاجات الأخرى. هناك حاجة إلى المزيد من الدراسات لتحديد الدور الذي يلعبه أوميغا 3 بالضبط في علاج الاكتئاب. قد تساعد المكملات الغذائية الغنية بزيت السمك في تقليل خطر الإصابة بالاكتئاب — كما تساعد الأحماض الدهنية أوميغا 3 في تقليل ارتفاع مستوى ثلاثي الجليسريدات المرتفعة وقد تساعد على حماية صحة القلب.

11/06/2019 See more Expert Answers

اطلع كذلك على

  1. MIND diet may cut Alzheimer's risk
  2. Addison's disease
  3. Adjustment disorders
  4. Adrenal fatigue: What causes it?
  5. After a flood, are food and medicines safe to use?
  6. Alzheimer's: New treatments
  7. Alzheimer's 101
  8. Caregiver depression
  9. Understanding the difference between dementia types
  10. Alzheimer's: Can a head injury increase my risk?
  11. Mediterranean diet
  12. Alzheimer's disease
  13. Alzheimer's disease: Can exercise prevent memory loss?
  14. Alzheimer's drugs
  15. Alzheimer's genes
  16. Alzheimer's nose spray: New Alzheimer's treatment?
  17. Alzheimer's or depression: Could it be both?
  18. Alzheimer's prevention: Does it exist?
  19. Alzheimer's stages
  20. Alzheimer's test: Detection at the earliest stages
  21. Ambien: Is dependence a concern?
  22. Antidepressant withdrawal: Is there such a thing?
  23. Antidepressants and alcohol: What's the concern?
  24. Antidepressants and weight gain: What causes it?
  25. Antidepressants: Can they stop working?
  26. Antidepressants: Side effects
  27. Antidepressants: Selecting one that's right for you
  28. Antidepressants: Which cause the fewest sexual side effects?
  29. Antiphospholipid syndrome
  30. Antidepressants and pregnancy
  31. Atypical antidepressants
  32. Atypical depression
  33. Axona: Medical food to treat Alzheimer's
  34. Back pain
  35. Bedtime routines: Not just for babies
  36. Benefits of being bilingual
  37. Binge-eating disorder
  38. Blood Basics
  39. Borderline personality disorder
  40. Breast-feeding and medications
  41. Dr. Wallace Video
  42. Parathyroid
  43. Caffeine and depression: Is there a link?
  44. The role of diet and exercise in preventing Alzheimer's disease
  45. Can music help someone with Alzheimer's?
  46. Can't sleep? Try daytime exercise
  47. Hidradenitis suppurativa wound care
  48. Celiac disease
  49. Celiac disease: Can gluten be absorbed through the skin?
  50. Celiac disease diet: How do I get enough grains?
  51. Chase away the winter blues
  52. Child abuse
  53. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy
  54. CJD - Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
  55. Clinical depression: What does that mean?
  56. Clinical trials for hidradenitis suppurativa
  57. Coconut oil: Can it cure hypothyroidism?
  58. Coffee after dinner? Make it decaf
  59. Complete blood count (CBC)
  60. Complicated grief
  61. Compulsive sexual behavior
  62. Concussion
  63. Concussion in children
  64. Concussion Recovery
  65. Concussion Telemedicine
  66. Coping with the stress of hidradenitis suppurativa
  67. Coping with the emotional ups and downs of psoriatic arthritis
  68. Creating a hidradenitis suppurativa care team
  69. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  70. Cupping therapy: Can it relieve fibromyalgia pain?
  71. Cushing syndrome
  72. Cyclothymia (cyclothymic disorder)
  73. Delirium
  74. Depression and anxiety: Can I have both?
  75. Depression, anxiety and exercise
  76. Depression: Diagnosis is key
  77. Depression during pregnancy
  78. Depression in women: Understanding the gender gap
  79. Depression (major depressive disorder)
  80. Depression: Provide support, encouragement
  81. Depression: Supporting a family member or friend
  82. Diabetes and depression: Coping with the two conditions
  83. Diagnosing Alzheimer's
  84. Dissociative disorders
  85. Vitamin C and mood
  86. Drug addiction (substance use disorder)
  87. Early-onset Alzheimer's
  88. Alzheimer's elder care
  89. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
  90. Empty nest syndrome
  91. Fatigue
  92. Fibromyalgia
  93. Fibromyalgia or not?
  94. Fibromyalgia and acupuncture
  95. Fibromyalgia: Does exercise help or hurt?
  96. Fibromyalgia: Linked to other health problems?
  97. Fibromyalgia misconceptions
  98. Fibromyalgia pain: Options for coping
  99. Fibromyalgia: Self-care tips
  100. Fibromyalgia and Neurontin
  101. Folic acid supplements: Can they slow cognitive decline?
  102. Foods and sleep
  103. Ginkgo biloba: Can it prevent memory loss?
  104. Global Bridges
  105. HABIT program orientation
  106. Hangover prevention: Do lighter colored drinks help?
  107. Hangovers
  108. Hashimoto's disease
  109. Headache
  110. Hidradenitis suppurativa
  111. Hidradenitis suppurativa and biologics: Get the facts
  112. Hidradenitis suppurativa and diet: What's recommended?
  113. Hidradenitis suppurativa: What is it?
  114. Hidradenitis suppurativa: When does it appear?
  115. How opioid addiction occurs
  116. How to tell if a loved one is abusing opioids
  117. How to use opioids safely
  118. Huperzine A: Can it treat Alzheimer's?
  119. Hyperparathyroidism
  120. Hypoparathyroidism
  121. Hypothyroidism: Can calcium supplements interfere with treatment?
  122. Hypothyroidism diet
  123. Hypothyroidism and joint pain?
  124. Hypothyroidism: Should I take iodine supplements?
  125. Hypothyroidism symptoms: Can hypothyroidism cause eye problems?
  126. Hypothyroidism
  127. Insomnia
  128. Insomnia: How do I stay asleep?
  129. Insomnia treatment: Cognitive behavioral therapy instead of sleeping pills
  130. Intervention: Help a loved one overcome addiction
  131. Is depression a factor in rheumatoid arthritis?
  132. Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
  133. Is the definition of Alzheimer's disease changing?
  134. Depression and diet
  135. Kratom for opioid withdrawal
  136. Lack of sleep: Can it make you sick?
  137. Lexapro side effects: Is breast tenderness common?
  138. Living better with hidradenitis suppurativa
  139. Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  140. Male depression: Understanding the issues
  141. Managing depression in MS
  142. Managing Headaches
  143. Managing hidradenitis suppurativa: Early treatment is crucial
  144. Hidradenitis suppurativa-related health risks
  145. MAOIs and diet: Is it necessary to restrict tyramine?
  146. Marijuana and depression
  147. Mayo Clinic Minute: 3 tips to reduce your risk of Alzheimer's disease
  148. Mayo Clinic Minute: Alzheimer's disease risk and lifestyle
  149. Mayo Clinic Minute New definition of Alzheimer's changes
  150. Mayo Clinic Minute: Prevent migraines with magnetic stimulation
  151. Mayo Clinic Minute Weathering migraines
  152. Mayo Clinic Minute: Women and Alzheimer's Disease
  153. Medication overuse headaches
  154. Meditation
  155. Mediterranean diet recipes
  156. Memory loss: When to seek help
  157. Mental health: Overcoming the stigma of mental illness
  158. Mental health providers: Tips on finding one
  159. Mental health
  160. Mental illness
  161. Migraine
  162. Migraine medications and antidepressants
  163. Migraine treatment: Can antidepressants help?
  164. Infographic: Migraine Treatments: Botox & Nerve Blocking
  165. Migraines and gastrointestinal problems: Is there a link?
  166. Migraines and Vertigo
  167. Migraines: Are they triggered by weather changes?
  168. Alleviating migraine pain
  169. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)
  170. Mild depression: Are antidepressants effective?
  171. Mindfulness exercises
  172. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
  173. Natural remedies for depression: Are they effective?
  174. Nervous breakdown: What does it mean?
  175. New Alzheimers Research
  176. Nicotine dependence
  177. Not tired? Don't go to bed
  178. Occipital nerve stimulation: Effective migraine treatment?
  179. Ocular migraine: When to seek help
  180. Opioids and other drugs: What to watch for
  181. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)
  182. Pain and depression: Is there a link?
  183. Pancreatic cancer
  184. Infographic: Pancreatic Cancer: Minimally Invasive Surgery
  185. Pancreatic Cancer Survivor
  186. Pancreatic cancer treatment: Why is it so challenging?
  187. Perimenopause
  188. Perimenopause birth control options
  189. Pet therapy
  190. Phosphatidylserine supplements: Can they improve memory?
  191. Pituitary tumors
  192. Polymyalgia rheumatica
  193. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
  194. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  195. Prescription drug abuse
  196. Prescription sleeping pills: What's right for you?
  197. Progressive supranuclear palsy
  198. Psychotherapy
  199. Rapidly progressing Alzheimer's: Something else?
  200. Reducing the discomfort of hidradenitis suppurativa: Self-care tips
  201. Salt craving: A symptom of Addison's disease?
  202. Savella may help fatigue
  203. Schizoaffective disorder
  204. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
  205. Choosing a light box
  206. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  207. Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
  208. Skip booze for better sleep
  209. Sleep disorders
  210. Sleep tips
  211. Smoking and rheumatoid arthritis: What's the risk?
  212. Soy: Does it worsen hypothyroidism?
  213. Staying active with hidradenitis suppurativa
  214. Stop your next migraine before it starts
  215. Stress symptoms
  216. Sundowning: Late-day confusion
  217. Support groups
  218. Surgery for hidradenitis suppurativa
  219. Symptom Checker
  220. Tapering off opioids: When and how
  221. Tinnitus and antidepressants
  222. Transcranial magnetic stimulation
  223. Traumatic brain injury
  224. Treating hidradenitis suppurativa: Explore your options
  225. Treating hidradenitis suppurativa with antibiotics and hormones
  226. Treating pain: When is an opioid the right choice?
  227. Treatment-resistant depression
  228. Tricyclic antidepressants and tetracyclic antidepressants
  229. Unexplained weight loss
  230. Vagus nerve stimulation
  231. Valerian: A safe and effective herbal sleep aid?
  232. Vascular dementia
  233. Video: Alzheimer's drug shows early promise
  234. Video: Vagus nerve stimulation
  235. Vitamin B-12 and depression
  236. Vitamin B-12 and Alzheimer's
  237. Vitamin D: Can it prevent Alzheimer's & dementia?
  238. What are opioids and why are they dangerous?
  239. What are the signs and symptoms of hidradenitis suppurativa?
  240. What is reflexology?
  241. Wilson's disease
  242. Wilson's syndrome: An accepted medical diagnosis?