Treatment for Wilms' tumor involves surgery, cancer-fighting drugs (chemotherapy) and in some cases, radiation therapy. The cure rate for tumors found before they spread (metastasize) is very high. For many years after treatment, doctors will monitor your child for additional disease and treatment side effects.
- Surgery. Surgery is an important part of treatment for Wilms' tumor. Depending on the situation and whether the tumor is on one or both kidneys, doctors may remove the entire kidney or only a part of it.
- Chemotherapy. Nearly everyone with Wilms' tumor receives chemotherapy, usually after surgery. Anti-cancer drugs are given through a vein (intravenously), where they can travel throughout the body to destroy cancerous cells. The type of drugs and length of time your child will receive chemotherapy depends on the tumor's stage.
- Radiation. Depending on the tumor's stage, your child may also receive radiation therapy.
Read more about Wilms' tumor treatment, chemotherapy and radiation therapy at MayoClinic.com.