Tradition & Heritage Timeline Artifacts  
The First Heart Bypass Machine
Gibbon heart-lung bypass machine
First Open Heart Surgery

In May 1955, Rochester Methodist Hospital was the first hospital to use the Mayo-Gibbon mechanical pump-oxygenator for an operation inside of a heart. The first patient to benefit from the apparatus was a child with a heart malformation. During the open-heart operation, the Mayo-Gibbon machine functioned as the girl's heart and lungs, directing blood flow through the machine and enabling surgeons to operate in a "dry field."

Four months later, the Mayo-Gibbon mechanical pump-oxygenator was demonstrated on the first nationally televised broadcast to originate from Rochester, Minn. The Sept. 12, 1955 program, broadcast from a Rochester Methodist Hospital operating room, was viewed by an estimated 6 to 9 million people.

Previous Section - The 1950 Nobel Prize Next Section - Building Mayo
Gibbon heart-lung bypass
Gibbon heart-lung bypass

Find Mayo Clinic on

Terms of Use and Information Applicable to this Site
Copyright ©2001-2015 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. All Rights Reserved.