Though anal cancer is rare, incidence of anal cancer is increasing. Find out the symptoms and causes of cancer of the anal canal.
Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory arthritis that affects your spine and nearby joints. Over time, your spine may become stiff and immovable.
Bladder stones are small masses of minerals in your bladder — often forming as a result of an enlarged prostate, nerve damage or infection.
Broken arm? If your arm hurts too much to use normally, seek prompt medical care.
Broken leg — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this type of fracture.
Brucellosis is an infectious disease that spreads from animals to people, mainly via unpasteurized dairy products. Travelers should take special care to avoid infection.
A bunion can create pain and pressure at the base of your big toe. Wearing roomier shoes can provide relief.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by compression of the nerve running through your wrist. Treatment can provide relief.
Take cavities and tooth decay seriously. Brushing, sealants and avoiding certain foods are important ways to prevent cavities, toothache pain and tooth loss.
Chronic constipation can cause bloating and abdominal discomfort.
Chronic pelvic pain is pain in your pelvic region — the area below your bellybutton and between your hips — that lasts six months or longer.
Churg-Strauss syndrome is a rare disorder marked by blood vessel inflammation that affects organs throughout the body. Asthma is the most common sign.
Complex regional pain syndrome is a chronic, painful disease that typically affects an arm or leg that was recently injured or infected.
Constipation in children is common. Often, simple changes in diet and routine are helpful.
Conversion disorder occurs when your response to stress shows up as seizures, paralysis or another physical symptom.
Craniosynostosis is a birth defect in which one or more of the bony plates of a baby's skull fuse prematurely, misshaping the head.
A blow to your joint can dislocate the bones that meet at that joint. Don't try popping them back into place yourself. Get medical help.
Dry socket, a painful complication of tooth extraction, results from improper healing of the surgical wound.
Encopresis occurs when a child resists having bowel movements, causing stool to collect in the colon and rectum. Leakage of liquid stool also is common.
An enlarged spleen is usually a sign of an underlying problem. Treatment varies, depending on what's causing the enlargement.
Reduce your risk of esophageal cancer by eating more fruits and vegetables.
Esophageal spasms are irregular contractions of the esophageal muscles, which impair the movement of food to the stomach.
Don't be in a hurry to treat a low-grade fever — it's probably helping your body fight infection. High or lasting fevers may need medical attention.
Glomerulonephritis affects your kidneys' filtering function. Complications include high blood pressure, protein in the urine (proteinuria) and kidney failure.
The term "growing pains" may be a misnomer because there's no evidence that growth hurts. Still, the nighttime leg pain is real for many kids.
Growth plate fractures can interfere with your child's normal bone growth, resulting in a stunted or twisted limb. Prompt, proper care is essential.
Back pain may mean you have a herniated disk — but not always. In fact, you can have disk herniation without pain. Here are the facts.
Hirschsprung's disease, a disease of the colon, is present at birth and can cause serious problems passing stool.
Indigestion can ruin meals and make you feel uncomfortable. Take steps to prevent symptoms like upset stomach, bloating and pain.
Iritis is inflammation that affects the colored area of your eye called the iris. This serious condition can affect your vision if left untreated.
Find out what could cause knee pain.
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is a rare childhood hip condition that requires specialty care.
Meralgia paresthetica — the result of a compressed sensory nerve — is characterized by tingling, numbness and burning pain in your outer thigh.
Osgood-Schlatter disease can cause pain, swelling and tenderness below the kneecap. This common condition often affects young athletes involved in running, jumping and bending activities.
Peptic ulcers are painful sores that commonly affect the lining of your stomach and upper small intestine. The most frequent cause is a treatable infection.
Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain. It generally clears up with the help of simple treatments for pain and inflammation.
Less common than an ACL knee injury, a torn posterior cruciate ligament can be painful and sideline you for months. Find out more.
Precocious puberty is a rare condition in which the physical signs of puberty begin to develop too early in children.
Some people with psoriasis may develop joint pain called psoriatic arthritis. Get the basics here.
Reactive arthritis is an inflammatory condition that develops in response to an infection in another part of your body.
A separated shoulder is an injury to a specific joint in the shoulder. Conservative treatment is usually effective.
The term "shin splints" refers to pain along the shinbone. Shin splints are common among runners, particularly those just starting a running program.
Find out about this rare cause of heart attack in young, healthy people.
Stickler syndrome can affect multiple parts of your body, including your eyes, face, ears, bones and joints.
Stress fractures are tiny cracks in a bone. Simple steps can help prevent this common overuse injury.
Tennis elbow usually results from repetitive contraction of the forearm muscles — causing pain where the muscles attach to the elbow. Rest and pain relievers may help.
Thoracic outlet syndrome is a group of disorders that occur when the nerves or vessels in the shoulder area (thoracic outlet) are compressed.
TMJ disorders are painful conditions centered where your jawbone attaches to your skull. The pain may be temporary or chronic.
Twisting the knee can cause a common knee injury known as a torn meniscus. Treatment sometimes includes surgery.
Although trench mouth is much less common than in years past, some people still get this painful gum infection. Brushing and flossing are keys to prevention.
March 26, 2015
- Herrmann TL, et al. White paper: Best practices in digital radiography. American Society of Radiologic Technologists. http://www.asrt.org/docs/whitepapers/asrt12_bstpracdigradwhp_final.pdf. Accessed Nov. 18, 2014.
- Bone X-ray (radiography). Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?PG=bonerad. Accessed Nov. 18, 2014.
- Patient safety: Contrast materials. Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/safety/index.cfm?pg=sfty_contrast. Accessed Nov. 18, 2014.
- Keeping kids still during exams. American Society of Radiologic Technologists. https://www.asrt.org/content/ThePublic/AboutRadiologicProcedures/KeepingKidsStillDuringExams.aspx. Accessed Nov. 18, 2014.
- Patient safety: Radiation dose in X-ray and CT exams. Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/safety/index.cfm?pg=sfty_xray#. Accessed Nov. 18, 2014.
- Lee CI, et al. Radiation-related risks of imaging studies. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 18, 2014.
- X-ray (radiography) — chest. Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=chestrad. Accessed Nov. 18, 2014.
- Mammography. Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?PG=mammo. Accessed Nov. 18, 2014.
- Bone densitometry. Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=dexa. Accessed Nov. 21, 2014.
- Panoramic dental X-ray. Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=panoramic-xray. Accessed Nov. 21, 2014.