Risks

Although vaginal hysterectomy is generally safe, any surgery has risks. Risks of vaginal hysterectomy include:

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Blood clots in the legs or lungs
  • Infection
  • Damage to surrounding organs
  • Adverse reaction to anesthesia

Surgical risks are higher in women who are obese or who have high blood pressure.

There is a risk of injury to other pelvic and abdominal organs during vaginal hysterectomy, including the bladder, ureters or bowel.

Severe endometriosis or scar tissue (pelvic adhesions) may force your surgeon to switch from a vaginal hysterectomy to abdominal hysterectomy during the surgery. Ask your surgeon about this possibility.

Dec. 11, 2015
References
  1. Walters MD. Choosing a route of hysterectomy for benign disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 5, 2015.
  2. Hysterectomy fact sheet. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health. http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/hysterectomy.html. Accessed Sept. 5, 2015.
  3. Stovall TG, et al. Vaginal hysterectomy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 5, 2015.
  4. Frequently asked questions. Special procedures FAQ008. Hysterectomy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Hysterectomy. Accessed Sept. 11, 2015.
  5. Darwish M, et al. Psychological outcomes after hysterectomy for benign conditions: A systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. 2014;174:5.
  6. Hoffman BL, et al. Surgeries for benign gynecologic conditions. In: Williams Gynecology. 2nd ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed Sept. 11, 2015.
  7. Einarsson JI, et al. Laparoscopic hysterectomy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 11, 2015.
  8. Cook AJ. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 17, 2015.