Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) — often known as Lou Gehrig's disease — is a degenerative condition causing loss of control of voluntary muscles.
Anaphylaxis is the most serious type of allergic reaction. It often occurs rapidly after exposure to an allergen and may be life-threatening.
Ataxia describes lack of muscle coordination while performing voluntary movements. A sign of an underlying condition, ataxia can affect any part of your body.
Bladder stones are small masses of minerals in your bladder — often forming as a result of an enlarged prostate, nerve damage or infection.
Are you worried you might have chlamydia? Find out how this common sexually transmitted infection is diagnosed and treated.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a genetic condition affecting the adrenal glands and interfering with normal growth and development in boys and girls.
You normally lose about 10 cups (2.4 liters) of water every day — much more during exercise or illness. Learn how to stay hydrated.
Henoch-Schonlein purpura causes inflammation of small blood vessels (vasculitis) and often a purplish rash. It's most common in children ages 2 to 6.
Infant jaundice, a yellowing of the skin and eyes, is common after birth. Careful monitoring and treatment is important for preventing rare, but serious, complications.
Frequent urination and pelvic pain may indicate interstitial cystitis, a chronic bladder inflammation. There's no cure, but some treatments offer relief.
Most people exposed to listeria don't become ill. But for those at risk of a listeria infection — a foodborne illness — the consequences can be severe.
Prostatitis, inflammation of the prostate gland, can cause significant male pelvic pain and other symptoms.
Retrograde ejaculation occurs when semen enters the bladder instead of emerging through the penis during orgasm. Find out about symptoms and treatment.
Excessive sweating and body odor can be embarrassing. Find out the possible causes and what you can do about this personal problem.
Feb. 15, 2014
- What you need to know about urinalysis. National Kidney Foundation. http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/what_urinalysis.cfm. Accessed Sept. 3, 2013.
- Wu X. Urinalysis: A review of methods and procedures. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America. 2010;22:121.
- Echeverry G, et al. Introduction to urinalysis: Historical perspectives and clinical application. Methods in Molecular Biology. 2010;641:1.
- McPherson RA, et al. Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 22nd ed. Philadelphia. Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 4, 2013.
- Wein AJ, ed., et al. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://wwwclinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 4, 2013.
- Pregnancy tests fact sheet. Office on Women's Health. http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/pregnancy-tests.cfm. Accessed Sept. 5, 2013.
- Urinalysis: The test sample. Lab Tests Online. http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/urinalysis/tab/sample. Accessed Sept. 19, 2013.