In-depth

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

ACL injury

Acute kidney failure

Acute liver failure

Acute lymphocytic leukemia

Adenomyosis

Adult Still's disease

Alcoholic hepatitis

Alcoholic liver disease

Ambiguous genitalia

Amenorrhea

Although the absence of menstruation (amenorrhea) is seldom serious, the condition can often be linked to an underlying problem requiring treatment.

Anal cancer

Appendicitis

Arteriosclerosis / atherosclerosis

Arteriovenous fistula

Arthritis

Ascariasis

Atelectasis

Autonomic neuropathy

Baker's cyst

Bladder stones

Blood in urine (hematuria)

Breast cancer

Breast pain

Bursitis

Cancer

Carotid artery disease

Cerebral palsy

Cholestasis of pregnancy

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome

Chronic kidney disease

Chronic pelvic pain in women

Cirrhosis

Cleft lip and cleft palate

Clubfoot

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a genetic condition affecting the adrenal glands and interfering with normal growth and development in boys and girls.

Conjoined twins

Cystitis

Deep vein thrombosis

Double uterus

Down syndrome

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)

Ectopic pregnancy

Edema

Endometrial cancer

Endometriosis

Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia)

Enlarged liver

Epididymitis

Erectile dysfunction

Eye melanoma

Fetal macrosomia

Fibroadenoma

Fibrocystic breasts

Foot drop

Galactorrhea

Ganglion cyst

Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis affects your kidneys' filtering function. Complications include high blood pressure, protein in the urine (proteinuria) and kidney failure.

Goiter

Greenstick fractures

Growth plate fractures

Hamstring injury

High blood pressure in children

High potassium (hyperkalemia)

Hirsutism

Hurthle cell cancer

Hydrocele

Incompetent cervix

Infant reflux

Inflammatory breast cancer

Intussusception

Invasive lobular carcinoma

Iron deficiency anemia

Ischemic colitis

Kidney cancer

Kidney stones

Knee bursitis

Knee pain

Lipoma

Liver cancer

Liver disease

Liver hemangioma

Male breast cancer

Mammary duct ectasia

Membranous nephropathy

Menorrhagia

Menstrual cramps

A monthly period is bad enough. Add in painful menstrual cramps, and you may be cursing this thing called womanhood. How do you get relief?

Miscarriage

Molar pregnancy

Morning sickness

Morton's neuroma

Muscular dystrophy

Myelofibrosis

Myelomeningocele

Neuroblastoma

Orchitis

Osteoporosis

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cysts

Painful intercourse (dyspareunia)

Pancreatic cancer

Patellar tendinitis

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Peripheral artery disease

Peritonitis

Peyronie's disease

Placenta previa

Placenta previa is a pregnancy complication that can cause excessive bleeding before or during delivery. Treatment may include bed rest or a C-section birth.

Placental abruption

Pleurisy

Polycystic kidney disease

Polymyalgia rheumatica

Precocious puberty

Premature birth

Preterm labor

Priapism

Prostate cancer

Pulmonary embolism

Pyloric stenosis

Recurrent breast cancer

Retinal detachment

Retinoblastoma

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rotator cuff injury

Sacral dimple

Sacroiliitis

Scrotal masses

Secondary hypertension

Sepsis

Soft tissue sarcoma

Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome

Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome, a rare condition, may be caused by chronic constipation. Dietary changes may help mild cases.

Spermatocele

Spina bifida

Swollen knee

Takayasu's arteritis

Tapeworm infection

Testicular cancer

Thrombophlebitis

Thyroid cancer

For people diagnosed with the most common forms of thyroid cancer, the prognosis is usually excellent.

Thyroid nodules

Most thyroid nodules — lumps in the thyroid gland — cause no problems. But nodules that affect swallowing, produce excess thyroid hormone or are malignant require treatment.

Torn meniscus

Toxic hepatitis

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a parasite. It doesn't make most people ill, but infants and people with HIV/AIDS are at risk of complications.

Tricuspid atresia

Tuberous sclerosis


Undescended testicle

Urinary incontinence

Uterine fibroids

Uterine prolapse

Varicocele

Varicose veins

Vasculitis

Wilms' tumor

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

Jan. 24, 2015