An abdominal aortic aneurysm is a dangerous condition in which a part of your body's main artery (aorta) is enlarged and in danger of rupturing.
Daily fevers, achy joints and an intermittent, salmon-pink rash may be an indication that you have a rare inflammatory disorder called adult Still's disease.
Although the absence of menstruation (amenorrhea) is seldom serious, the condition can often be linked to an underlying problem requiring treatment.
Though anal cancer is rare, incidence of anal cancer is increasing. Find out the symptoms and causes of cancer of the anal canal.
Bladder stones are small masses of minerals in your bladder — often forming as a result of an enlarged prostate, nerve damage or infection.
Cerebral palsy — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes and treatment of this movement disorder.
Don't ignore exercise-related pain, pressure or numbness, because it may indicate chronic exertional compartment syndrome. Proper treatment can get you back to your favorite sport.
Chronic kidney disease, often caused by diabetes or high blood pressure, is the gradual loss of kidney function. Early detection and treatment can help.
Chronic pelvic pain is pain in your pelvic region — the area below your bellybutton and between your hips — that lasts six months or longer.
Clubfoot is a treatable birth defect in which the foot twists awkwardly at the ankle. Untreated, an awkward gait and other problems may result.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a genetic condition affecting the adrenal glands and interfering with normal growth and development in boys and girls.
Conjoined twins are identical twins most often joined at the chest, head or pelvis. In some cases, conjoined twins can be surgically separated.
Double uterus is a rare condition that sometimes goes undiagnosed throughout a woman's life. Find out how a double uterus can affect your reproductive health.
Endometrial cancer is one of the most common cancers in women. If detected early, this cancer is often successfully treated.
Endometriosis is a common and often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside your uterus.
Fibrocystic breasts feel lumpy, and they're prone to soreness before your period. They're sometimes uncomfortable, but fibrocystic breast changes are common.
Glomerulonephritis affects your kidneys' filtering function. Complications include high blood pressure, protein in the urine (proteinuria) and kidney failure.
Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland due to a variety of causes. The condition can cause difficulty swallowing or breathing.
The extra flexibility of children's bones makes them more prone to greenstick fractures — an injury in which a bone bends and cracks.
Growth plate fractures can interfere with your child's normal bone growth, resulting in a stunted or twisted limb. Prompt, proper care is essential.
Gynecomastia, enlarged breasts in males, is a common problem. Find out about treatments and how to cope.
Hirsutism refers to excessive hair growth in women. Possibly a result of elevated male hormones, hirsutism is often caused by an underlying condition.
Iron deficiency anemia may leave you feeling sapped of energy. This condition is especially common in women. Iron supplements usually help.
Find out what could cause knee pain.
The risk of liver cancer may be reduced by protecting yourself from serious liver diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatitis B and C.
Liver hemangioma is the most common type of noncancerous (benign) liver mass. Learn how doctors treat liver hemangioma.
A monthly period is bad enough. Add in painful menstrual cramps, and you may be cursing this thing called womanhood. How do you get relief?
Miscarriage can be heartbreaking. It might help to understand possible causes and treatment options, as well as what to expect for the future.
Morton's neuroma is a growth of nerve tissue in your foot that may be caused by pressure or irritation. It can be painful.
In myelofibrosis, healthy bone marrow is replaced with scar tissue, leading to severe anemia and fatigue.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with obesity and diabetes. Lifestyle changes may prevent it from becoming serious.
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment of this complication of infertility treatment.
Pancreatic cancer is often fatal. Find out which new treatments offer hope.
Placenta previa is a pregnancy complication that can cause excessive bleeding before or during delivery. Treatment may include bed rest or a C-section birth.
Pleurisy is the painful inflammation of the membranes that surround your lungs. The cause can be one of a number of underlying conditions.
Precocious puberty is a rare condition in which the physical signs of puberty begin to develop too early in children.
Priapism is a prolonged and usually painful erection. Prompt evaluation is necessary to prevent damage to the penis.
Retinal detachment is a medical emergency. Without prompt treatment, this condition can lead to permanent loss of vision.
Secondary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that's caused by another medical condition. Prompt treatment is often necessary to avoid complications.
Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome, a rare condition, may be caused by chronic constipation. Dietary changes may help mild cases.
Takayasu's arteritis is an uncommon form of vasculitis that affects the large arteries.
Thrombophlebitis occurs when a blood clot and swelling develop in a vein, typically in your leg. The cause often is prolonged inactivity or bed rest.
For people diagnosed with the most common forms of thyroid cancer, the prognosis is usually excellent.
Most thyroid nodules — lumps in the thyroid gland — cause no problems. But nodules that affect swallowing, produce excess thyroid hormone or are malignant require treatment.
Twisting the knee can cause a common knee injury known as a torn meniscus. Treatment sometimes includes surgery.
Toxic hepatitis is liver damage that occurs when your liver isn't able to break down certain toxins — including common pain relievers such as Tylenol.
Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a parasite. It doesn't make most people ill, but infants and people with HIV/AIDS are at risk of complications.
Undescended testicle is a testicle that hasn't moved into its proper position in the scrotum prior to birth. The condition often corrects itself.
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors of the uterus. Medical therapy and surgical procedures can shrink or remove uterine fibroids.
Jan. 24, 2015
- Adam A, et al. Grainger & Allison's Diagnostic Radiology: A Textbook of Medical Imaging. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2015. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 4, 2014.
- Ultrasound: What is general ultrasound imaging? RadiologyInfo.org. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=genus. Accessed Dec. 4, 2014.