Tubal ligation is an abdominal operation performed with anesthesia. Risks associated with tubal ligation include:
- Damage to the bowel, bladder or major blood vessels
- Adverse reaction to anesthesia
- Improper wound healing or infection
- Prolonged pelvic or abdominal pain
You may be at higher risk of complications from a tubal ligation if:
- You've had previous pelvic or abdominal surgery
- You have a history of obesity or diabetes
A tubal ligation won't protect you from sexually transmitted infections.
In the first year after a tubal ligation, it's estimated that fewer than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant. The younger you are at the time of a tubal ligation, the more likely the sterilization is to fail. If you do conceive after having a tubal ligation, there's a higher chance that the pregnancy will be ectopic — when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube.
Dec. 09, 2014
- Hatcher RA, et al. Contraceptive Technology. 20th ed. New York, N.Y.: Ardent Media; 2011:249.
- Stovall TG, et al. Surgical sterilization of women. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 27, 2014.
- Frequently asked questions. Contraception FAQ035. Sterilization by laparoscopy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Sterilization-by-Laparoscopy. Accessed Sept. 27, 2014.
- Frequently asked questions. Contraception FAQ052. Postpartum sterilization. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Postpartum-Sterilization. Accessed Sept. 27, 2014.