How you prepare

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Before you have a tubal ligation, your health care provider will likely:

  • Review the risks and benefits of reversible and permanent methods of contraception
  • Ask about your reasons for choosing sterilization and discuss factors that could lead to regret, such as a young age or marital discord
  • Explain the details of the procedure
  • Discuss the causes and probability of sterilization failure
  • Share information about tubal ligation reversal
  • Provide information about preventing sexually transmitted infections
  • Help you choose the best time to do the procedure — for instance, shortly after childbirth or in combination with another abdominal surgical procedure, such as a C-section

If you're not having a tubal ligation shortly after childbirth or during a C-section, you should use contraception for at least one month before the procedure and continue using contraception until your next period to decrease the likelihood of pregnancy. Having the procedure done during your period or during the days between your period and ovulation also reduces the chance of pregnancy at the time of the procedure. Your health care provider may give you a sensitive pregnancy test on the day of surgery to make sure you're not pregnant.

Dec. 09, 2014