A tubal ligation — also known as having your tubes tied or tubal sterilization — is a type of permanent birth control. During a tubal ligation, the fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy.
A tubal ligation disrupts the movement of the egg to the uterus for fertilization and blocks sperm from traveling up the fallopian tubes to the egg. A tubal ligation doesn't affect your menstrual cycle.
A tubal ligation can be done at any time, including after childbirth or in combination with another abdominal surgical procedure, such as a C-section. It's possible to reverse a tubal ligation — but reversal requires major surgery and isn't always effective.
Dec. 09, 2014
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- Stovall TG, et al. Surgical sterilization of women. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 27, 2014.
- Frequently asked questions. Contraception FAQ035. Sterilization by laparoscopy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Sterilization-by-Laparoscopy. Accessed Sept. 27, 2014.
- Frequently asked questions. Contraception FAQ052. Postpartum sterilization. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Postpartum-Sterilization. Accessed Sept. 27, 2014.