Depression is a treatable condition, but for some people, standard treatments aren't effective. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is typically used when standard treatments such as medications and talk therapy (psychotherapy) don't work.
Dec. 03, 2015
- Brain stimulation therapies. National Institute of Mental Health. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/brain-stimulation-therapies/brain-stimulation-therapies.shtml. Accessed Sept. 21, 2015.
- Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). National Alliance on Mental Illness. https://www2.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=About_Treatments_and_Supports&Template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=164338. Accessed Sept. 21, 2015.
- Holtzheimer PE. Unipolar depression in adults: Treatment with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 21, 2015.
- Janicak PG, et al. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of major depression. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 2015;11:1549.
- Research report: Psychiatry and psychology, 2014-2015. Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayo.edu/pmts/mc0700-mc0799/mc0710-11.pdf. Accessed Sept. 22, 2015.
- AskMayoExpert. Transcranial magnetic stimulation. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
- Wall C, et al. Neurocognitive effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in adolescents with major depressive disorder. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2013;4:165.
- Kung S (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. 29, 2015.
- Croarkin PE (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. 26, 2015.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation