Why it's done

A thyroidectomy may be recommended for conditions such as:

  • Thyroid cancer. Cancer is the most common reason for thyroidectomy. If you have thyroid cancer, removing most, if not all, of your thyroid will likely be a treatment option.
  • Noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid (goiter). Removing all or part of your thyroid gland is an option if you have a large goiter that is uncomfortable or causes difficulty breathing or swallowing or, in some cases, if the goiter is causing hyperthyroidism.
  • Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. If you have problems with anti-thyroid drugs and don't want radioactive iodine therapy, thyroidectomy may be an option.
Aug. 30, 2017
References
  1. Townsend CM Jr, et al. Endocrine. In: Sabiston Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 6, 2017.
  2. Jameson JL, et al., eds. Surgery of the thyroid. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 6, 2017.
  3. Thyroid surgery. American Thyroid Association. https://www.thyroid.org/thyroid-surgery/. Accessed July 6, 2017.
  4. Haugen BR, et al. 2015 American Thyroid Association management guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid. 2016;26:1.
  5. Wang TS, et al. Initial thyroidectomy. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 6, 2017.
  6. Nippoldt TB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 11, 2017.