How you prepare

Food and medications

If you have hyperthyroidism, your doctor may prescribe medication — such as an iodine and potassium solution — to regulate your thyroid function and decrease the risk of bleeding.

You may need to avoid eating and drinking for a certain period of time before surgery, as well, to avoid anesthesia complications. Your doctor will provide specific instructions.

Other precautions

Before your scheduled surgery, ask a friend or loved one to help you home after the procedure. Be sure to leave jewelry and valuables at home.

Aug. 30, 2017
References
  1. Townsend CM Jr, et al. Endocrine. In: Sabiston Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 6, 2017.
  2. Jameson JL, et al., eds. Surgery of the thyroid. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 6, 2017.
  3. Thyroid surgery. American Thyroid Association. https://www.thyroid.org/thyroid-surgery/. Accessed July 6, 2017.
  4. Haugen BR, et al. 2015 American Thyroid Association management guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid. 2016;26:1.
  5. Wang TS, et al. Initial thyroidectomy. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 6, 2017.
  6. Nippoldt TB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 11, 2017.